IPCaR - Improving the Pre-hospital Care Process for Victims in Road Traffic Accidents

Project manager
Stefan Candefjord
Period
2011-06-13 - 2013-08-31

It is of utmost importance that seriously injured crash victims receive appropriate hospital care as soon as possible after the crash. Several studies show that swift medical attention, within the Golden Hour, is fundamental for the clinical outcome. The pre-hospital care process for road accidents is impeded by difficulties with identifying the patients in need of immediate treatment among the large number of patients that suffer minor injuries. Occult injuries have become increasingly more common due to the use of effective restraint systems with airbags in modern vehicle fleets. Many lives could be saved if seriously injured victims could be recognized in an early phase, and the likelihood for specific internal injuries could be assessed. eHealth solutions with algorithms that can predict injury type and severity from information about the crash and each patient's vital data recorded in the ambulance have the potential to increase the efficiency of the pre-hospital care process. By assisting health care personnel in making a quick and correct choice of treatment strategy, eHealth tools could prevent many deaths and decrease the rate of patients that are disabled for life after a crash. Head injuries are a common cause of death in road accidents, especially for children in motor vehicle crashes, in motorcycle crashes and in accidents involving vulnerable road users such as pedestrians. The chances of surviving life­ threatening  head injuries are much better when treatment is received without significant delay after trauma. Severe head injuries can often be asymptomatic at first. Microwave tomography has shown promising results for detection of intracranial bleedings in stroke patients. The method  may also be valuable for detecting typical intracranial hemorrhages, such as subdural hematomas, in crash victims. If  bleedings could be detected already in the ambulance the time to treatment could be significandy shortened. This could improve the clinical outcome for crash victims with severe head injuries.

Short facts

Project title: IPCaR - Improving the Pre-hospital Care Process for Victims in Road Traffic Accidents
Project type:
Research area:
Care and rescue
Financier(s):
SAFER
Partner(s):
SAFER, Chalmers
Period:
-
Project No:
E6

Project publications

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is one of the major causes of death due to injury and frequently occurs in road trac accidents, assaults, sports injuries, etc. It has been estimated that TBI will become a leading
Author(s)
Malik Ahzaz Ahmad
Year of publication
2012
Project
IPCaR - Improving the Pre-hospital Care Process for Victims in Road Traffic Accidents (E6)
More information / Full text:
Author(s)
Stefan Candefjord, Malik Ahzaz Ahmad, Stefan Kidborg, Yinan Yu, Tomas McKelvey, Andreas Fhager, Mikael Persson
Published in
Medicinteknikdagarna 2012, October 2012, Lund
Year of publication
2012
Project
IPCaR - Improving the Pre-hospital Care Process for Victims in Road Traffic Accidents (E6)

Safer – Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre

SAFER is the open research arena where researchers and expertise work together to create safe mobility. Our traffic safety approach covers people, vehicles and the infrastructure – and together we contribute to safer road transports and smarter, more sustainable cities.

Contact information

SAFER

Lindholmspiren 3A
SE-417 56 Göteborg
Sweden

 +46 31-772 21 06
 safer [at] chalmers.se