A quantitative driver model of pre-crash brake onset and control

An existing modelling framework is leveraged to create a driver braking model for use in simulations of critical longitudinal scenarios with a slower or braking lead vehicle. The model applies intermittent brake adjustments to minimize accumulated looming prediction error. It is here applied to the simulation of a set of lead vehicle scenarios. The simulation results in terms of brake initiation timing and brake jerk are demonstrated to capture well the specific types of kinematics-dependencies that have been recently reported from naturalistic near-crashes and crashes.

Author(s)
Svärd, M., Markkula, G., Engström, J., Granum, F., & Bärgman, J.
Research area
Publication type
Published in
Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting
Project
Year of publication
2017

Safer – Vehicle and Traffic Safety Centre

SAFER is the open innovation arena where researchers and expertise work together to create safe mobility. Our traffic safety approach covers people, vehicles and the infrastructure – and together we contribute to safer road transports and smarter, more sustainable cities.

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